Kathak, an Indian classical dance form originated from the Sanskrit word called 'Katthaka', the art of storytelling, eventually incorporated with mime, graceful artistic physical movements, foot work and rhythm patterns as well as spins.
Kathak is a very special form of Indian Classical dances characterized by fast footwork (Tatkar), spins (Chakkar) and innovative use of facial expressions (Bhava).
Three major styles (gharanas) of Kathak are: Jaipur Gharana, Lucknow Gharana and Benaras Gharana. Each unique to its own style of reflecting Classical Kathak Dancing and the knowledge base.
Nritta is the pure dance form, the technical demonstration of fast speed intricate footwork, fast circles and graceful physical movements depicting improvised rhythmic patterns and compositions like
Tordas, Tukras, Parans, That, Amaad, Laris and Tehais along with the footwork called Tatkar and typical Kathak spins called Chakkars.
Abhinaya is the facial expression where story telling is expressed through dancing and acting showcasing the story line and the theme performing on bhajans, thumris, ghazals, bandish.
Kathak is a very dynamic art form embracing fast rhythm beats, improvised elements, graceful movements and emotional facial expressions. Kathak expresses the strength and the technical mastery (Tayari), the fast rhythm beats and timing (Layakari), the foot work, spins, and movements (Nritta) along with graceful dance poses, facial expression, mime, storytelling and acting (Nritya and Natya) embracing deeper life journey emotions reflecting the aesthetics aspect of beautiful elegant and true artistic inner expressions (Khubsurti and Nazakat).